Osteoporosis is becoming a pandemic that affects a significant percentage of the population and that, in the present with apparent symptoms during their illness, can have serious health consequences.
This condition affects both men and women, although it does more in women. This is a problem that affects the social, economic and health area, especially in more developed countries. The profile of patients with osteoporosis has changed markedly in recent years, currently affecting also younger patients, due to increased life expectancy, consumption of snuff and / or alcohol, and the presence of more sedentary lifestyle .
Osteoporosis is defined as a loss of bone mass, which causes both a change in the structure of the affected bone.
The diagnosis is simple to obtain and often resort to bone densitometry to measure the amount of mineralized bone tissue in various parts of the body, also serving to predict the risk of a possible fracture.
Physical therapy plays an important role in this context. On the one hand, physiotherapy acts as prevention, trying to eliminate risk factors predisposing to suffer. Moreover, once the disease is established, it is physiotherapy modulate pain, stiffness and improving eliminate the consequences of falls and / or fractures the patient may suffer.
The physiotherapist is responsible for promoting physical exercise, possibly loaded, avoid sedentary lifestyle, provide personal hygiene guidelines and avoid prolonged immobilisation in case of a fall or fracture occur.